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Methods in C#

By Bintu Chaudhary   Posted at  5:15:00 AM  

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     A method is a member that implements a computation or action that can be performed by an object or class. Methods are just same Like a Function as we Make a Function we makes a Method but for Methods we doesn't worry about the Declaration or any Method so that we can use any Method without any declaration of Any Method For Declaring a Method we have to Specify :


Contents



Main Method

     The method with the name - Main - with upper case M, has a special significance. It is the entry point in any application. As such there must be at least one Main method in one class of the entire application. When an application is executed it is this method that gets the execution control automatically in the beginning.
Note that more than one class may have Main methods in an application. However, the programmer must specify which Main method is the entry point of application at the compile time failing which the compiler generates error message.

A Main method
public static void Main()
{
  //method body
}

A Main method taking command line arguments and returning no value.
public static void Main(string [] args)
{
  //method body
}



Invoking Methods

     A method, once declared in a class can be invoked (executed) on an object of that class as shown below:

public class abc
{
  public:
    void method1()
    {
    }
}

In this code snippet, a public class - abc - has been declared with a public method - method1 that takes no arguments and returns no value. This method can be invoked on an object of abc type as show below:

abc obj;
obj.method1();




Nesting of Methods

     A method is said to be nested, if it invokes other methods from within its definition. Consider the following program for illustration.




Pass By Value

     By default all the Methods are declared as value or when no parameter is Specified then all the variables are passed as value to Method Means The Formal Arguments doesn't Affect on the Actual values those are passed for Execution.Consider the following program for illustration.




Reference Parameters

     C# Support provides the concept which is same like pointers means Reference As I Mention when the Arguments are Passed to a Method then the Actual Arguments are not affected But when we wants to Pass Actual Value or when we wants to Change the values of Parameters by formal Arguments then the Arguments Must be Passed by using ref Keyword which also Passes the Address upon Heap where the Actual value of a variable is stored.




The Output Parameters

     These are Special Parameters and used when we wants to take input as a result which is Produced by another Expression and the Output Parameter When the value of Variable doesn't Specified and the value of variable is depend on the output of another variable . In the variable which we wants to declare as Output then the Corresponding variable of Method also Must have a output Declaration by using out Keyword.
    Out keyword is used for return a output not need to declare third variables.




Parameter Arrays/Variable Arguement

     A parameter declared with a param modifier is a parameter array. If a formal parameter list includes a parameter array, it must be the last parameter in the list and it must be of a single-dimensional array type. For example, the type string[] and string[][] can be used as the type of a parameter array, but the type string[,] can not. It is not possible to combine the params modifier with the ref and out modifiers.




Param Parameter

     As we know that in Method generally the Number of Arguments are fixed for Executing a Method but Some times there is a Situation when we doesn't know about the actual number of Arguments those may have Passed So in that situation the Argument must be declared by using the Params Keyword and any number of Arguments can be Passed to Method either a Zero or More Arguments.
    we pass the group of value when we use the param keyword.




Method Overloading

     Method Overloading is also called as Function Overloading. Overloading Means a Functions or a Method has many Behaviors. Method Overloading occurred When in class when a functions has same name but different behaviors A Functions said to be overloaded When :-

1) Function has same Name but Different Return Type
2) Difference in Number of Arguments those might be Passed.
3) Difference in Return Type in Arguments.

When We Pass a Call for Execution then it will Match the Criteria of Function Like Number of Arguments and Data types etc The Compiler will finds for a Exact Match and when an Exact Match is Found then the Method will Executed and when a Compiler founds two Functions in a Match then this gives us an error Message.




Method Overriding

     When an instance method declaration includes an override modifier, the methods is sait to be an override method.






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